The H.P. State Pollution Control Board is a nodal agency in the
administrative structure of the State Government, for the planning,
ordination and overseeing the implementation of
It was about three decades now that the foundation of the current
direction on Environment Protection was laid and a legislative base
initially formed at the national level to protect the environment
from the adverse impacts of rapidly expanding industrial society.
The legislative & tec
bases have substantially
expanded in the subsequent
period primarily necessitated by
the agglomeration and
magnification of the problems
resultant to the development for
outpacing the capabilities to
A beginning made in the mid
venties encompassing and integrating environmental concerns in
a comprehensive national policy proved quite useful with a tangible
degree of success in the subsequent years with highly manifest
forms of environmental pollution and other significant concern
immediate nature. This prompted constant policy and legislative
reviews and making suitable amendments wherever necessary to
protect the nation from the lurking threat of environmental
degradation. Over these years a continuous effort has been made by
the Board to expand its activities to fulfil
the demands of emerging
ecological concerns, challenges and new statutes. The principal
activities undertaken by H.P. State Pollution Control Board consist
of prevention & control of pollution, protection of e
the framework of following legislations.
. Water (Prevention & Control of Pollution) Act, 1974: The
Parliament in the 25th year of the Republic promulgated this
legislation in pursuance to Clause
- 1 of Artic
le 252 of the
Constitution of India, with the objective of prevention and
control of water pollution and maintenance and restoration of
wholesomeness of water.
The H.P. State Pollution Control
Board was constituted in 1974 under the provisions of this Act
. Water (Prevention & Control of Pollution) Cess Act, 1977: This
Act provides for levy of cess on the water
consumed for specific
purposes with a view to dissuade wasteful and indiscreet use
. Air (Prevention & Control of Pollution) Act, 1981: On the
analogy of the Water (Prevention & Control of Pollution) Act,
1974 the Union Government promulgated another identical
legislation which was exclusively meant to deal with the
problems of air quality and preservation and maintenance
t (Protection) Act, 1986: In order to provide the
existing legislation for control of water and air pollution more
effectively and to remove the deficiency of these legislation,
the Union Government enacted another umbrella legislation in
37th Year of Repu
blic. The prime objective of the legislation
was to plug the existing statutory gaps whereby tremendous
responsibilities by way of functions have been entrusted to the
State Board. The following prominent rules and notifications
are significant in context
to the role and functions of the H.P.
State Pollution Control Board:-
1. Manufacture, Storage and Import of Hazardous Chemical Rules,
2. The Hazardous Waste (Management & Handling) Rules,
3. Rules for Manufacture, Use, Import, Export and Storage of
Hazardous Microorganism, Genetically Engineered Organisms
or Cells, 1989.
4. Noise Pollution (Control and Regulation) Rules, 1999.
- medical Wastes (Management & Handling) Rules, 1998.
6. Recycled Plastics Manufacture and Usage Rules, 1999/2003.
7. Municipal Solid Wastes (Management & Handling) Rules, 2000.
8. Ozone Depleting Substances (Regulation & Control) Rules,
9. Batteries (Management & Handling) Rules, 2000.
Other Areas/Acts/Rules Concerning General Public:
The following Rules, which have bearing on, the state of the
environment and health of the society are also in
existence/enactments. Under these Rules, the H.P. State
Environment Protection & Pollution Control Board is not the only
agency responsible for t
he implementation of these Rules but
nevertheless these Rules and enactments are of great significance.
They are as under:
. Public Liability Insurance Act, 1991.
. H.P. Non
- Biodegradable Garbage (Control) Act, 1995.
. Motor Vehicle Act, 1988
The State Board ha
s eleven Regional Offices, a Central Laboratory
and three Regional Laboratories, which are catering to the diverse
requirements in terms of environmental monitoring, surveillance
and analysis of complex environmental parameters.